Lietuvos mokslų akademijos Leidybos skyrius
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ISSN 0235-716X

2005 m. Nr. 3

Lietuvos bažnyčių misijos okupuotose SSRS srityse 1941–1944m.

This article analyses efforts of the leaders of Lithuania’s Catholic and Orthodox Churches to send missionaries to German-occupied areas of the USSR. The Germans tolerated only Orthodox missions, admitting no Catholic clergy. This prevented wide-scale national and religious conflicts and victims.
Lithuania’s Catholic bishops sought to have priests who had left after 1917 return to their former parishes in the USSR. After they failed in this endeavour, the Institutum Russicum was founded in January 1942 at the Kaunas Seminary and began preparing priests and to be involved in all the other mission-related questions.
Baltic States Exarch, Metropolitan Sergi (Voskresenski), opened the Pskov Orthodox mission, which successfully functioned in the northwest region of the USSR. The smals Lithuanian Orthodox diocese directly contributed almost nothing to the activities of the Pskov mission, none of the diocese’s priests having been sent east. Spiritual courses were opened in Vilnius and the first group of clergy, prepared to be pastors in Russia, completed it in April 1944. But the front line had already separated them from Pskov.


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